Monitoring Responsibilities

Air Emission Sources

Reporting Compliance


Public Participation

air permit

Title V Operational Air Permits

In Lane County, the Lane Regional Air Protection Agency is responsible for issuing air permits to commercial and industrial operations with emissions above certain thresholds.  LRAPA’s air permits have operational requirements that follow Federal, State, and Local regulations designed to minimize emissions from businesses.

There are approximately 300 commercial and industrial operations in Lane County with an air permit issued by LRAPA. LRAPA’s permits are categorized into different grouping based on the complexity of the permit. The most complex permits are federal Title V operational air permits.

This page is dedicated to the Title V program. To learn more about the other types of air permits LRAPA issues, visit our ACDP informational page.

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Title V Operating Permits

Title V of the 1990 Federal Clean Air Act requires each state to develop a comprehensive operating permit program for major industrial sources of air pollution. The program clarifies the environmental obligations of a business by organizing, in 1 document, all of a business’ air pollution control requirements.

Title V operating permits are used to regulate major sources of air contaminant emissions. A “major source” has actual or potential emissions above 100 tons/year for any criteria pollutant; over 10 tons/year for a single “Hazardous Air Pollutant” (HAPs); and/or 25 tons/year for any combination of HAP.

The Title V Operating Permit Program does not require any tighter emissions standards; it does, however, place a greater responsibility on the business for monitoring, reporting and certifying compliance with the conditions of the permit.

Monitoring Responsibilities

The Oregon Title V Operating Permit Program places greater responsibilities on the source of air pollution. When a business applies for a permit within Lane County, it is required to supply the Lane Regional Air Protection Agency (LRAPA) with all the information necessary to draft a permit. After the permit is issued, the permitted source has a responsibility to monitor its compliance with requirements of the permit and to keep detailed records and reports.

LRAPA’s role is to evaluate the information provided by the business, issue the permit and make periodic compliance determinations through inspections and review of reports and records and take enforcement action when appropriate.


What Is In a Title V Operating Permit?

The Title V Operating Permit organizes in a single document all the air requirements which apply to the permit holder. The operating permit follows the same structure and format as an Air Contaminant Discharge Permit (ACDP) but contains greater detail. The operating permit begins with a list of permitted activities and describes all emission units and pollution control devices at the facility. Then the permit lists all the emission limits and standards which apply to the facility. The next section of the permit describes methods of monitoring and record keeping being used by the permit holder to determine compliance with all applicable requirements.

Finally, the permit describes the methods to be used by the permit holder for reporting and certifying compliance to LRAPA. In contrast, LRAPA’s ACDPs contain less detail in the identification of emission units. The ACDPs also typically do not list all applicable requirements, require less monitoring, and have less detailed record keeping and reporting requirements.

Reporting Compliance with Conditions

Under the Title V Operating Permit Program, a permit holder must report on compliance with conditions of its permit at least every six months. At that time, a responsible official must either certify compliance or inform LRAPA of noncompliance and submit a schedule to bring the operation into compliance. If certifications are falsified, federal and state law provide for both civil and criminal enforcement actions. Violations found to be done knowingly are a felony, with potential for imprisonment for up to five years and fines up to $250,000.

Public Participation

Under the Title V Operating Permit Program, there are increased opportunities for the public to take part in determining how the law will be carried out. All new permits, renewals, and significant permit modifications must have a public notice period during which citizens can comment on the permit and request a public hearing. Issues that are not resolved with LRAPA can be appealed to EPA. Neighboring states and EPA also have more opportunity to comment on permit content.

Added Enforcement Powers to EPA

The 1990 Clean Air Act provides additional enforcement powers to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), DEQ, and LRAPA. In the past, EPA had to go to court to penalize a company for violations. Now the EPA can issue administrative penalty orders of up to $25,000 per violation. The EPA also has authority to fine violators up to $5000 for minor violations observed in the field. LRAPA continues to use its authority to issue administrative penalties and adopt enforcement provisions where the knowing endangerment from the release of air toxics can carry imprisonment of up to 15 years and fines up to $1 million. Citizen lawsuit provisions are also expanded in the act.

Air Toxics/Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs) Program

The Clean Air Act requires that states use the Title V Operating Permit System to administer the Air Toxics Program. Although the majority of Title V Operating Permits do not contain enforceable limits on specific hazardous air pollutants, most of the hazardous air pollutants are regulated as particulate or VOCs. The review report of the permit will usually contain rough estimates of other hazardous air emissions. These estimates in the review report are for information purposes only and are not specified as enforceable limits. As techniques for estimating hazardous air pollutant emissions improve, some of these estimates may increase while others decrease.


The entire cost of the Title V Operating Permit Program is funded through emission fees, base fees and user fees from the regulated businesses. The emission fees will result in the industries with the highest emissions paying the majority of the cost of the program.

Air Emission Sources

As defined in the program, a major source of air emissions has the potential to emit 100 tons of any criteria pollutant. Or, for emitters of hazardous air pollutants, a major source has the potential to emit 10 tons of any single hazardous air pollutant or 25 tons of any combination of hazardous air pollutants. A major source can choose to limit its potential to emit through federally enforceable physical or operational restrictions on the facility and can remain in the ACDP program as what is known as a synthetic minor source. Approximately 18 sources are currently permitted under the LRAPA Title V Operating Permit Program.

Sharply Reducing “Routine” Emissions

EPA has set standards requiring companies to sharply reduce “routine” emissions of hazardous air pollutants. EPA will do so by setting performance standards based on the best demonstrated controls and practices for each regulated industry, termed Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT). Should EPA miss an established deadline for setting a MACT standard, the states must issue these standards.

Particularly Hazardous Substances

EPA has also established a list of substances that are particularly hazardous when inadvertently released into the air by an unanticipated or uncontrolled event. Title V Operating Permit Applications require the business to indicate the range of the facility’s annual usage of these chemicals. Facilities that use more than established quantities of these substances will be required to prepare risk management plans and comply with accidental release prevention regulations.

LRAPA monitors air quality throughout Lane County with eight regulatory-grade monitors and over 90 commercial-grade air sensors. Air Quality Index values are updated hourly.

Find the current air quality, look up the closest monitor to you, and learn more about the Air Quality Index (AQI) on the Current Air Quality Page.

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Clean air is an important component of a healthy community. LRAPA accepts, records, and investigates air quality complaints throughout Lane County.

LRAPA responds to complaints submitted during business hours. Complaints received outside business hours will be follow-up on during the next business day.

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Purple Air: Air Quality MonitorLRAPA maintains eight regulatory-grade air monitoring stations and over 90 commercial-grade particulate matter sensors throughout Lane County. These air monitors collect air samples and report the data from their respective locations.

Learn about the types of air pollution LRAPA monitors for, as well as the type of equipment used by the agency on the air monitoring webpage.

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Air toxics are those pollutants that cause or may cause cancer or other serious health effects. LRAPA operates two of the nine air toxics monitors in Oregon.

Learn more about the air toxic pollutants of concern in Lane County by visiting the Pollutants and Toxics webpage.

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LRAPA regulates the burning of wood and yard debris, known as “outdoor burning,” in Lane County. LRAPA also enforces home wood heating – such as fireplaces and wood stoves – opacity ordinances for the cities of Eugene, Springfield and Oakridge. Seasonal and daily restrictions can exist for both forms of burning.
Check to see if there are any active burning curtailments in effect on the burning restrictions webpage.
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Burning wood in fireplaces and wood stoves for heat is a common practice in Oregon. However, wood burning creates particulate matter, which is Lane County’s most common form of pollution, and can dramatically degrade air quality during periods of air stagnation.

LRAPA issues daily green, yellow, and red burn advisories from October 1 through May 31, based on air quality conditions. These advisories permit, limit, or restrict the use of fireplaces and wood stoves.

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Outdoor burning is the disposal of woody yard material by burning it. Burning rules vary throughout Lane County depending on location, size of property, weather forecast, and fire danger conditions. LRAPA rules also limit the type and quantity of debris which can be burned.

Learn more about the varying rules and check the status of the burning season on the outdoor burning webpage


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Home Wood Heating - Enjoying an outdoor firepitRecreational fires are the burning of wood in recreational use areas, such as parks, recreational campsites, campgrounds, and on private property. LRAPA rules allow for recreational fires - however recreational fires are prohibited on yellow and red home wood heating advisory days.

Learn more about prohibited materials from being burned in recreational fires, and LRAPA’s daily home wood heating advisory by visiting the recreational fires webpage.

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LRAPA is responsible for issuing air permits to commercial and industrial operations with emissions above a certain threshold.

Check to see if your business needs a permit by following our 5-step guide on our Permitting Overview webpage.

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Cleaner Air Oregon is a state-wide program designed to regulate emissions of Hazardous Air Pollutants. New facilities beginning operation, or current facilities called into the program by LRAPA, are required to quantify all air toxic pollutants emitted from the facility. Then a computer model determines how emitted pollutants move across Lane County, to understand who is exposed to the pollutants and in what amounts. With that information a health risk assessment is conducted of that exposure. 

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LRAPA is responsible for issuing air permits to commercial and industrial operations with emissions above certain thresholds. LRAPA's air permits have operational requirements that follow Federal, State, and Local regulations that are designed to minimize emissions from businesses. The most complex permits are federal Title V operational permits which LRAPA issues and administers.

Learn more about Title V permits, their requirements, and connect to Title V permits in Lane County by visiting our Title V webpage.

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LRAPA is responsible for issuing air permits to commercial and industrial operations with emissions above a certain threshold. LRAPA's air permits have operational requirements that follow Federal, State, and Local regulations that are designed to minimize emissions from businesses.

LRAPA issues Air Contaminant Discharge Permits (ACDP) in Lane County. These permits are categorized into different types based on complexity.

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Oregon's Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program requires reporting of greenhouse gas emissions data and related information from major sources including large stationary sources, and liquid fuel, natural gas, propane, and electricity suppliers.

Learn more about reporting requirements and deadlines for each source category by visiting our Greenhouse Gases webpage.

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LRAPA has varying forms, documents, and resources that are required or helpful when doing business with the agency. Our forms are posted in relevant and applicable locations throughout our website, as well as in a single repository.

Find all forms offered by LRAPA by visiting our Forms & Resources webpage.

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Asbestos is the name of a group of naturally occurring fibrous minerals that are heat-resistant, strong and extremely durable. Asbestos has historically been used in over 4,000 building products because of these properties.

Asbestos can cause lung cancer, asbestosis and mesothelioma. There is no safe level of exposure to friable asbestos.

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Losing a home to fire is traumatic, both physically and emotionally. During such a crisis, it is easy not to consider the hazardous nature of ash and debris on your property. It’s important to understand hazards to your immediate and long-term health exist in that ash and debris.

Learn more about cleanup efforts and resources for those who lost their home in the 2020 wildfires by visiting our Wildfire Cleanup & Asbestos webpage.

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Inhaling asbestos fibers can cause cancer and related diseases, for this reason the testing, removal, and disposal of asbestos containing materials is carefully regulated.

Learn more about the air regulation of asbestos in Lane County and find appliable forms on our Form & Resources page.

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LRAPA regularly solicits public comment on proposed agency actions such as rule changes, proposed air permits, and the agency’s annual budget. LRAPA also hosts monthly Board of Director and Citizen Advisory Committee meetings.

Learn more about these public comment window and public meetings on our News, Notices & Public Calendar webpage.

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Clean Air Act PublicationsLRAPA regularly publishes public information on air quality issues such, as new releases, reports, and fact sheets. LRAPA also posts monthly Director reports, monthly Enforcement reports, and yearly annual reports.

Find these reports and other informational resources on our Publications, Reports, and Fact Sheets webpage.

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LRAPA regularly issues updates and notices on the work conducted by the agency. Join email lists to receive updates on topics of interest, such as public notices, job openings, issued press releases, burning curtailments, and more!

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The physical environment is a crucial component of any individual’s health and well-being.  Every community needs access to safe air, land and water.  LRAPA has curated together a collation of topics commonly asked about by the community to provide information, important details, and connect interested community members with resources.

Explore the many topics of information on our Community Center webpage.

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A Supplemental Environmental Project (SEP) is an environmentally beneficial project funded by a company or individual to mitigate part of a civil penalty assessed by LRAPA.  SEPs are ways a business can choose to benefit the community in which they’re based by funding a SEP.

Learn more about LRAPA’s approved SEPs and potentially submit a project for review and possible approval on LRAPA’s Supplemental Environmental Projects webpage.

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LRAPA does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, disability, age, sex, sexual orientation, or marital status in administration of its programs or activities and LRAPA does not retaliate against any individual because they have exercised their rights to participate in, or oppose actions protected by, 40 CFR Parts 5 and 7 or for the purpose of interfering with such rights. 

Learn more about LRAPA’s nondiscrimination policies and procedures by visiting our Non-Discrimination Policy webpage.

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Wildfire CleanupWildfire smoke is responsible for creating the worst air quality in Lane County history. As climate change drives a longer and more intense wildfire season, it’s important to familiarize yourself with air quality resources and guidelines around wildfire smoke.

Learn more about wildfire smoke in lane county and how to protect indoor air quality during smoke intrusions on our Wildfire Smoke webpage.

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Prescribed Burning is the process of planning and starting a controlled fire to achieve a specific goal. Prescribed burns are conducted on days that are dry enough to minimize smoke production and windy enough to take smoke out of the Willamette Valley Smoke-Sensitive Receptor Area (SSRA), yet not be so strong as to create fire-control problems.

Learn more about prescribed burns in Lane County and the groups who conduct local burns on our Prescribed Burns webpage.

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Indoor Air Quality refers to the quality of air within and around buildings and structures, specifically as it relates to the health and comfort of those inside. Air quality impacts our health and wellbeing.  Understating and controlling common pollutants can reduce your exposure and risk associated with indoor air pollution.

Learn more about the common sources of indoor air pollution and the methods to protect air quality on our Indoor Air Quality webpage.

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LRAPA is the local air authority responsible for monitoring Lane County’s air and administering programs that protect and improve air quality.

LRAPA was founded in 1968 as an intergovernmental agreement between the cities of Springfield and Eugene. Today’s intergovernmental agreement includes Lane County and the cities of Cottage Grove, Eugene, Oakridge, and Springfield.

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LRAPA receives direction and oversight from three independent committees who represent the diverse interests of Lane County’s communities. The Board of Directors, the Citizen Advisory Committee, and the Budget Committee. These committees are filled by volunteers in Lane County and their meetings are open to the public.

Learn more about these committees, see meeting minutes, and upcoming agendas on our Public Oversight webpage.

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LRAPA was established under Oregon Statute 449 (now 468.A) and approved by the Oregon Sanitary Authority (now Environmental Quality Commission), effective January 1, 1968, to exercise the functions vested by statute within the boundaries of Lane County. The agency holds and enforces LRAPA’s rules in Lane County.

Learn more about LRAPA’s rules and read them on our Rules & Regulations webpage.
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LRAPA is committed to providing full access to all public records in accordance with Oregon’s Public Records Law and agency regulations. A request for public records is a public record itself and is subject to disclosure under the law.

Learn more about LRAPA’s records request policy and submit a request on our Records Request webpage.
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LRAPA is a small local agency with competitive pay and generous benefits.

Learn more about current career opportunities with LRAPA by visiting LRAPA's Careers webpage.

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LRAPA is currently staffed by 19 full-time employees.

View current staff and their contact information by visiting our Staff Directory webpage.

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